CSS MenuMaker
Home
About Us
Gallery
Goat Farming
Breeds
Housing (Goat Sheds)
Our Services
Route Map
   
News :
 


Fodder & Diet

          Goats require energy, protein, vitamins, minerals, fiber (Bulk) and water. Energy (Calories) is usually the most limiting nutrient, whereas protein is the most expensive. Fiber is necessary to maintain a healthy rumen environment and prevent digestive distrubances.

          Many factors affect the nutritional requirements of goats:  Maintenance, growth, pregnancy, lactation, fiber production, activity and environment. As a thumb rule goats consume at least 1-2% of their body weight. Smaller animals need a higher intake (percentage-wise) to maintain their growth.

Fodder

Some of the essential Fodder that can be grown are as given:

Legume Fodders

  1. Cowpea/Lobia (Thattaipayuru)/Karamani
  2. Desmanthus / Velimasala
  3. Lucerne
  4. Stylo

Ceral / Fodders

  1. Maize – Makka Cholam
  2. Fooder sorghum – Cholam / Jowar

Grass Fodders

  1. Hybird Napier – Cumbu /Napiar Othupill/ Bajra
  2. Guinea Grass
  3. Para Grass-Neerpull/Thaneer Pull/ Erumai Pull
  4. Blue Buffel Grass – Neelakolukattai pull
  5. Co.4

Tree Fodders

  1. Suba pul - Soundal Koobabul
  2. Gliricidia
  3. Sesbania – Agathi
  4. Murungai
  5. Puvararam



Diet
1. Nutrional Requirement of Goats
   
Age of Goat
 
S.No.
Item
0-6
months
6-12
months
1-2
yrs
Stud
Pregnant
Does
Remarks
1.
Daily Green Feed
1 Kg
1.5 Kg
2.5Kg
2.5 Kg
2.5 Kg
Note :
TDN - Total Digestible Nutrients
DP - Digestible Protein
2.
Concentrated Feed
150 gms
200 gms
250gms
250gms
250gms
3.
Water
1 Litr.
2 Litr.
2 Litr.
2 Litr.
2 Litr.
2. Concentrate Feed
1.
TDN%
68%
65%
65%
65%
60%
 
2.
D.P%
14%
12%
14%
11%
10%
 
3.
Calcuim
0.6
0.4
0.6
0.4
0.4
 
4.
Phosphoreces
0.3
0.2
0.3
0.2
0.2
 
3. Sources of calcuim and phosphoreces
   
%ca
%p
       
a.
Steamed bone meal
28
14
       
b.
Dicalcuim Phosphate
26
18
       
4. Salt - 2%