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Vet Care

          For those using chemical wormer and vaccinations. If you use chemical wormers and vaccinate this is what I would do 30 days prior to breeding I worm the does and bucks 3 times 10 days apart with cydectin or ivomec. After 100 days bred I worm goats that need it according to fecal results and I start to increase the Goat Starter 93448 from CO-OP. 30 days before a does kidding date I vaccinate with c,d&T, pasturella, BO-SE, trim hooves and dust for lice 2 days after a doe kids I worm them with Cydectin or ivomec 3 times 10 days apart and trim their hooves When does wean their kids I slowly back off the grain and return them to just pasture/hay and grain only enough to get them in the barn at night and to keep them on a routine.

Minerals.
          Co-op Forage-Master goat mineral 96216 (I have switched to this as it has kelp added to it and has a high copper content) Kelp meal (good source of iodine)

Treats.
          Animal crackers, raisins and cereal Table scraps are unhealthy and can cause health problems, possibly leading to death.

Wormer.
WHEN TO WORM:
The best way to control worms is to have a vet check manure to see if it’s necessary and worm when needed.
Cydectin (pour on) 1 cc per 25 lbs (given orally) (safe for pregnant does)
Ivomec Cattle injectable 1cc per 35lbs (given orally) (safe for pregnant does)
Ivomec plus cattle injectable 1cc per 50lbs (given orally) (safe for pregnant does)
Ivomec Pour-on 3cc per 25lbs poured on top line (safe for pregnant does)
Safeguard double the cattle dose for 3 straight days (good for tape worms only) (Safe for pregnant does)
Valbazen 1cc per 10lbs of goat (do not give to pregnant goats) good for worming kids
With most wormers, re-treat in 10 days to kill the eggs that have hatched.

LICE TREATMENT.
          I use DE as a dust for lice but if you prefer or can't get DE you can Dust with sevens dust every season change. (take care not to get it in their nose or eyes) Or permectin II mixed according to directions with water in a spray bottle and sprayed down the topline from neck to tail.

          Coccidiosis treatment and prevention directions Di-Methox Soluble Powder

Sulfadimethoxine
          (AgriLabs) For treating foot rot, bacterial pneumonia, calf diphtheria, and shipping fever in beef cattle, dairy calves, and heifers. Also for coccidiosis and fowl cholera in meat producing turkeys and in broiler and replacement chickens for treatment of coccidiosis, fowl cholera and infectious coryza. Dissolve 1 pkt in 50 gal for chickens or 100 gal for turkeys. 1 pkt treats (six) 600 lb cattle.

          5 packets will make 1 gallon of solution but I like to divide it up and make smaller batches (once mixed with water please store in the fridge till used up or for 2 weeks then dispose of it).

Break down of dosage

1 package of powder will make 3 cups of solution
1/2 package of powder will make 1 and 1/2 cups of solution

Goat dosage
          1cc of solution per 5lbs of goats for day 1 and 1 cc of solution per 10 lbs of goat for days 4 thru 5 as a prevention (spring and fall each year) 1cc of solution per 5 lbs of goats for 10 days as a treatment if you have an active case of cocci

          For every 4 goats being treated add the needed amount of solution to 1 gallon of water along with 1 packet of koolaide and 1 cup of sugar and stir well. Put this solution out each morning as the only source of water until completely consumed. If they drink it all before the 24 hours is up then put out a bucket of plain water till time to put out a new bucket of solution water.

          This is how I treat and prevent coccidiosis for my herd and does not replace vet care. If you are unsure of how to treat your goats please consult your vet.12.5% Sulmet liquid solution

Goat dose:
          Straight from the bottle. Give Orally directly in the goats mouth or if you have a few goats to treat use - 1cc of solution per 5lbs of goats day 1 and 1 cc per 10 lbs of goats for day 4 thru 5 as a prevention (spring and fall each year) 1cc of solution per 5 lbs of goats for 10 days as a treatment if you have an active case of cocci

          For every 4 goats being treated add the needed amount of solution to 1 gallon of water along with 1 packet of koolaide and 1 cup of sugar and stir well. Put this solution out each morning as the only source of water until completely consumed. If they drink it all before the 24 hours is up then put out a bucket of plain water till time to put out a new bucket of solution water. For example if you have a 50 lb goat on day one she would need 10 cc of sulmet on day 1 and on day 2 throught 5 you would need 5 cc of sulmet.

Vaccinations.-CD/T.
          A series of 2 initial shots, followed by a shot annually. All bred does get their CD/T shots 1 month prior to kidding so they pass on antibodies to their kids through nursing. Very crucial… goats are highly susceptible to Tetanus and enterotoximia. -pneumonia

          A series of 2 initial shots, followed by a shot annually. All bred does get their pneumonia vaccine 1 month prior to kidding so they pass on antibodies to their kids through nursing.

          Pasturella Pneumonia is preventable through yearly vaccinations. Just as with CD/T shots there is a chance the pneumonia vaccine can fail and in that instance I keep BO-Bac 2X on hand which is an antibody shot to help treat pneumonia caused by the Pasturella bacteria.

Normal goat health

  • Temperature = 102.5 - 104 - This varies depending on the temperature of the goat's surroundings.
  • Pulse rate = 70 - 80 beats per minute
  • Respiration =15 to 30 per minute
  • Rumen (stomach) movements = 1 - 1.5 per minute
  • Puberty = 7 weeks - 8 months (separate bucks from young does at 2 month)
  • Estrus/Heat Cycle = 17 to 23 days
  • Gestation = 143 to 155 days
  • Life span:
    • Does = 11-12 years average age, but... usually the death in does is kidding related. Does that are "retired" from breeding around age 10 live longer: 16-18 years
    • Wethers = 11-16 years average age
    • Bucks = 8-10 average age - bucks usually live shorter lives than does and wethers due to the stresses of going into rut each year.
  • Full growth size: Most goats do not reach their full size until they are about three years of age. (They keep growing for about three years)

Maintanance schedule

Spring: March

  • CD&T booster (if you choose to vaccinate) (30 days prior to kidding)
  • Pasturella Pneumonia (if you choose to vaccinate) (30 days prior to kidding)
  • BO-SE shot 1cc (30 days prior to kidding)
  • Worm (after kidding worm with cydectin or ivomec 2 times 10 days apart then wait 10 days and worm with valbazen) If using Molly's herbal wormer then use the woodworm wormer 3 days in a row after the doe kids.
  • Trim hooves
  • cocci prevention
  • Lice prevention

Summer: June

  • Trim hooves
  • Worm (if not pregnant worm with Valbazen )
  • Lice prevention

Fall: September

  • BO-SE shot 1cc only on does that tend to single and to all breeding bucks
  • Worm (before fall breeding worm with Cydectin or ivomec 2 times 10 days apart then wait 10 days and worm with valbazen)
  • Trim hooves
  • Cocci prevention
  • Lice prevention

Winter: December

  • Trim hooves
  • Worm (if bred worm does after 100 days with cydectin or ivomec only if needed)
  • Lice prevention

Supplies to have on hand

Bio-Mycin 200 - Multi purpose antibiotic
DI-Methox 40% - Coccidiosis treatment and prevention
Sulmet Soluble Powder or liquide solution - coccidiosistreament and prevention
Iron Paste - anemia treatment after worm overload
Probiotic paste - use after antibiotic treatment
Clear wormer – Ivomec or cydectin
White wormer – Safeguard or Valbazen
Wound spray
Hoof trimmers
Sevins dust - lice treatment
Permectin II - lice treatment/prevention
Tetanus Antitoxin - To prevent tetanus when castrating or disbudding
CD antitoxin - To treat overeating disease if a goat overeats on grain or lush grass
BO-Bac 2X - Helps to treat pasturella pneumonia
Charcoal paste - In case a goat ingest something poisonous
Digital thermometer - To check a goats temp rectally when a goat is acting odd (high and low temps can indicate illness)